Complete Breast Tissue Removal Surgery: Is It Right for You?

Total mastectomy, a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the entire breast radikal mastektomi including the skin and underlying tissue, has been a less common approach for approximately 20 to 25 years. This comprehensive surgery is typically performed to treat or prevent breast cancer. In this article, we’ll delve into the details of total mastectomy, including the procedure, recovery process, and important considerations.

What is Total Mastectomy?

Total mastectomy, also known as simple mastectomy, is a surgical procedure where the entire breast tissue is removed, including the nipple and areola. Unlike a lumpectomy, which only removes the tumor and a small margin of surrounding tissue, total mastectomy removes the entire breast. This procedure is often recommended for individuals with large tumors relative to breast size, multiple tumors in different areas of the breast, or genetic mutations that increase the risk of breast cancer.

Procedure

During a total mastectomy, the surgeon makes an incision across the breast and removes all of the breast tissue, along with the nipple and areola. In some cases, lymph nodes under the arm may also be removed to check for the spread of cancer cells. The surgeon then closes the incision with sutures, and a drain may be inserted to remove excess fluid from the surgical site.

Recovery

Recovery from a total mastectomy can vary from person to person. Immediately after surgery, patients may experience pain, swelling, and bruising, which can be managed with pain medication and rest. It’s important to avoid strenuous activities and heavy lifting during the recovery period to allow the surgical site to heal properly.

Considerations

Total mastectomy is a major surgery that can have physical and emotional implications. It’s important for patients to discuss the potential risks and benefits of the procedure with their healthcare team. Some individuals may choose to undergo breast reconstruction surgery following a mastectomy to restore the appearance of the breast.

In conclusion, total mastectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of the entire breast tissue, including the skin and underlying tissue. While it is a less common approach in recent years, it is still performed in certain cases to treat or prevent breast cancer. Patients considering this procedure should discuss their options with their healthcare team to determine the best course of action for their individual needs.

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